Category Archives: Color and Lines

In Living Color


Do you remember when all there were was black and white TV’s? I do. We didn’t think about the fact that we couldn’t see the TV program in color because no one could! But I also remember when color TV’s came out and the broadcast stations would tout their wares as being “ living color”!

Of course, the first color TV’s were great, but they certainly couldn’t hold a candle to the color TV’s of today that offer 4K Ultra High Def television with all sorts of other whiz-bangs, too. But again, we didn’t know about 4K Ultra High Def televisions when color TV’s first came out and we thought that they were great! And they were.

I have always loved colors – bold, bright, extravagant color. I don’t dress that way, but I love to see colorful things, and that’s why the glasses in today’s photo captured my eye. It was at the flea market and there they were, literally begging me to shoot them, I obliged. And they are in living color!

ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY: in 1951, a homemade device explodes at Grand Central Station in New York City, startling commuters but injuring no one. In the next few months, five more bombs were found at landmark sites around New York, including the public library. Authorities realized that this new wave of terrorist acts was the work of the Mad Bomber.

New York’s first experience with the so-called Mad Bomber was on November 16, 1940, when a pipe bomb was left in the Edison building with a note that read, “Con Edison crooks, this is for you.” More bombs were recovered in 1941, each more powerful than the last, until the Mad Bomber sent a note in December stating, “I will make no more bomb units for the duration of the war.” He went on to say that Con Edison, New York’s electric utility company, would be brought to justice in due time.

The patriotic Mad Bomber made good on his promise, although he did periodically send threatening notes to the press. After his flurry of activity in 1951, the Mad Bomber was silent until a bomb went off atRadio City Music Hall in 1954. In 1955, the Mad Bomber hit Grand Central Station, Macy’s, the RCA building and the Staten Island Ferry.

The police had no luck finding the Mad Bomber, but an investigative team working for Con Ed finally tracked him down. Looking through their employment records, they found that George Peter Metesky had been a disgruntled ex-employee since an accident in 1931. Metesky was enraged that Con Ed refused to pay disability benefits and resorted to terrorism as his revenge.

Metesky, a rather mild-mannered man, was found living with his sisters in Connecticut. He was sent to a mental institution in April 1957 where he stayed until his release in 1973.

TRIVIA FOR TODAY: A tsunami is not just one big wave, but a series of waves called a “wave train.” The time period between waves is called the “wave period” and can be between a few minutes and two hours. The first wave is usually not the strongest, and later waves, such as the fifth or sixth, may be significantly larger.



I am fond of color. I love it. I can’t get enough of it. I cannot imagine what it would be like to be color blind, but I would imagine the world would be much less exciting without color. I’m thankful that I can see color. It’s something we rather take for granted, don’t you think?  I  mean, when is the last time you really stopped and thought about being able to see color and gave thanks for it?

We took a vacation to the Pacific northwest in early July and as we were out walking one day with our eldest son and his family, we came across this house. I suppose that there are probably some in the neighborhood that don’t appreciate the color scheme of this house, but I loved it! I only wish more houses were brightly and creatively painted rather than another white or brownish house. This house is obviously loved…it took a lot of detailed work to paint it and they did a really neat job of it, too.

I think that just as people are different and unique, it would be great if houses were all painted uniquely. Go to your paint store folks…and get with it!

ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY: in 1572, King Charles IX of France, under the sway of his mother, Catherine de Medici, ordered the assassination of Huguenot Protestant leaders in Paris, setting off an orgy of killing that results in the massacre of tens of thousands of Huguenots all across France.

Two days earlier, Catherine had ordered the murder of Admiral Gaspard de Coligny, a Huguenot leader whom she felt was leading her son into war with Spain. However, Coligny was only wounded, and Charles promised to investigate the assassination in order to placate the angry Huguenots. Catherine then convinced the young king that the Huguenots were on the brink of rebellion, and he authorized the murder of their leaders by the Catholic authorities. Most of these Huguenots were in Paris at the time, celebrating the marriage of their leader, Henry of Navarre, to the king’s sister, Margaret.

A list of those to be killed was drawn up, headed by Coligny, who was brutally beaten and thrown out of his bedroom window just before dawn on August 24. Once the killing started, mobs of Catholic Parisians, apparently overcome with bloodlust, began a general massacre of Huguenots. Charles issued a royal order on August 25 to halt the killing, but his pleas went unheeded as the massacres spread. Mass slaughters continued into October, reaching the provinces of Rouen, Lyon, Bourges, Bourdeaux, and Orleans. An estimated 3,000 French Protestants were killed in Paris, and as many as 70,000 in all of France. The massacre of Saint Bartholomew’s Day marked the resumption of religious civil war in France.

TRIVIA FOR TODAY: The sun contains 99.85% of the mass in the solar system. (Or, as Elvis would put it, it’s a hunka-hunka burning love!)

The Contrast


In Portland, Oregon lies a cemetery that we visited on our trip there in July. I love to roam old cemeteries and read the epitaphs and see the various art on the tombs.

As we were walking through this particular cemetery, there were numerous graves which had tombstones with pictures on them. Some were of the images of those who lay underneath the grass, embraced in slumber. Others were scenes taken from nature.

When we were almost done walking through the cemetery, my eyes spotted the stone in today’s photo. The lighting was just perfect as it filtered down through the trees, highlighting certain parts of the engraved image just where they should be lit up. I simply had to stop and take some images. It looks great in black and white, too.

Apparently there was a large historical population foreigners who lived in Portland in years gone by and this type of stone seems to be a common style of stones among them in this cemetery. I don’t recall their nationality, and I couldn’t read it, but I could appreciate the beauty of the stones.

The contrast on this stone, the white/black, dark/bright…reminded me of the contrast of life and death itself. And that only made it all the more intriguing.

ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY:  in 1984, Ed Gein, a serial killer infamous for skinning human corpses, died of complications from cancer in a Wisconsin prison at age 77. Gein served as the inspiration for writer Robert Bloch’s character Norman Bates in the 1959 novel “Psycho,” which in 1960 was turned into a film starring Anthony Perkins and directed by Alfred Hitchcock.

Edward Theodore Gein was born in LaCrosse, Wisconsin, on July 27, 1906, to an alcoholic father and domineering mother, who taught her son that women and sex were evil. Gein was raised, along with an older brother, on an isolated farm in Plainfield, Wisconsin. After Gein’s father died in 1940, the future killer’s brother died under mysterious circumstances during a fire in 1944 and his beloved mother passed away from health problems in 1945. Gein remained on the farm by himself.

In November 1957, police found the headless, gutted body of a missing store clerk, Bernice Worden, at Gein’s farmhouse. Upon further investigation, authorities discovered a collection of human skulls along with furniture and clothing, including a suit, made from human body parts and skin. Gein told police he had dug up the graves of recently buried women who reminded him of his mother. Investigators found the remains of 10 women in Gein’s home, but he was ultimately linked to just two murders: Bernice Worden and another local woman, Mary Hogan.

Gein was declared mentally unfit to stand trial and was sent to a state hospital in Wisconsin. His farm attracted crowds of curiosity seekers before it burned down in 1958, most likely in a blaze set by an arsonist. In 1968, Gein was deemed sane enough to stand trial, but a judge ultimately found him guilty by reason of insanity and he spent the rest of his days in a state facility.

In addition to “Psycho,” films including “Texas Chainsaw Massacre” and “Silence of the Lambs” were said to be loosely based on Gein’s crimes.

TRIVIA FOR TODAY: The most decorated unit ever in U.S. history is the 442nd regimental Combat Team, whose motto was “Go for Broke.” It consisted of Japanese-American volunteers. Together they won 4,667 major medals, awards, and citations, including 560 Silver Stars (28 of which had oak-leaf clusters), 4,000 Bronze Stars, 52 Distinguished Service Crosses, and one Medal of Honor, plus 54 other decorations. It also held the distinction of never having a case of desertion.

…Looking Up

Double click for a larger size image.
Double click for a larger size image.

I am fortunate to be able to travel to some different places fairly regularly…mostly here in the United States.  In addition to my work with Medical Ambassadors International and with Polymath Innovations, I do some work for an organization called Stephen Ministries – they teach people how to help those who are experiencing some kind of crisis in their lives.

I travel about 10 weekends a year for them and now that I’m living in Georgia, I mostly travel from the mid-west eastward, though I’ve flown to Colorado from here, too.  On occasion, I wind up in a spectacular church setting, such as the one in today’s photo.  I took this picture at First Presbyterian Church in downtown Atlanta in 2014.  The sanctuary was spectacular…the stained glass was Tiffany glass!!!!  (Very expensive…and very beautiful!)

While there’s not much stained glass in this photo, I must say that the entire edifice was beautiful in encouraged the occupants to lift their eyes heavenward to the One who lives there.

ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY:  in 1804, President Thomas Jefferson attended a public party at the Senate and led a diverse crowd in consuming an enormous loaf of bread dubbed the mammoth loaf. The giant bread was baked to go with the remnants of an enormous block of cheese.

Two years earlier, a group of Baptist women from Massachusetts had sent Jefferson a 1,200- pound hunk of cheese in gratitude for his support of religious tolerance. The cheese, they said, illustrated Jefferson’s claim that North America’s superior natural resources would one day enable the U.S. to outstrip all of Europe in agricultural production.

Early Americans’ use of the descriptive term mammoth arose from the discovery of a giant woolly mammoth skeleton in New York in 1801. Jefferson, fascinated with the natural sciences, was a member of the American Philosophical Society and helped the organization raise funds to complete the archaeological project. Jefferson’s Federalist opponents ridiculed the president’s scientific side projects as frivolous. In an attempt to embarrass the president, they dubbed the giant dairy product the mammoth cheese. To the Federalists’ surprise and disappointment, the general populace embraced the term with nationalistic zeal. Almost immediately, butcher shops and markets advertised mammoth-size products from sides of veal to pumpkins and loaves of bread.

The unveiling of the mammoth loaf occurred at a Senate-sponsored March 26 party to rally support for a naval war against the Barbary States. At noon, a Navy baker wheeled in the mammoth loaf along with the remnants of the Baptist women’s mammoth cheese, an equally enormous side of roast beef and copious amounts of alcohol. President Jefferson stepped up, pulled out his pocketknife and cut the first slice of bread. According to written observations, the party quickly degenerated into a noisy, drunken affair.

TRIVIA FOR TODAY:  Men find women who wear red more attractive. In fact, a woman in red is more likely to be asked on a date and have more money spent on her. Coincidentally, the rear ends of some animals turn red when they are ready to mate.



I like some pictures because of the emotions they evoke in me.  I like some because of the subject matter that causes me to think about the place, the person, or because it stirs a memory.  For example, I love photographs of the national parks that I’ve been to see because I can re-live those experiences to some degree through those pictures.  And I love to see photos of places I’ve never been before because the help me dream of going there and what it might be like to be there.  Some pictures are so evocative that you can almost feel the ocean breeze or crispness of the mountain air through the photograph.

Then, there are pictures that I like just because I think they are beautiful.  They can be pictures of nearly anything: scenery, still life, macro images, portraits of models or family members, wildlife or just about anything at all.  That’s how I feel about today’s photo.  Again, this was shot this past Saturday at a store across the highway from Nora Mill Granary near Helen, GA.  I was waiting for my wife (as is often the case when we go into stores) and saw a display of glassware with a stained glass decoration behind it.  Part of the display was a decanter with a crystal stopper.  I thought it was interesting the way the light and color from behind the stopper was inverted and distorted, so using a shallow depth of field I focused on the stopper and took this shot.  I didn’t realize until I got home and “developed” the shot that I realizes how truly colorful the light in the stopper was and how much I enjoyed this image.  It almost made me say out loud, “Now, ain’t that purdy!?”  I hope it delights you, too!

ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY:  in 1861, President Abraham Lincoln paid a late night visit to General George McClellan, who Lincoln had recently named general in chief of the Union army. The general retired to his chambers before speaking with the president.

This was the most famous example of McClellan’s cavalier disregard for the president’s authority. Lincoln had tapped McClellan to head the Army of the Potomac ”the main Union army in the East” in July 1861 after the disastrous Union defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run, Virginia. McClellan immediately began to build an effective army, and was elevated to general in chief after Winfield Scott resigned that fall. McClellan drew praise for his military initiatives but quickly developed a reputation for his arrogance and contempt toward the political leaders in Washington, D.C. After being named to the top army post, McClellan began openly associating with Democratic leaders in Congress and showing his disregard for the Republican administration. To his wife, McClellan wrote that Lincoln was “nothing more than a well-meaning baboon,” and Secretary of State William Seward was an “incompetent little puppy.”

Lincoln made frequent evening visits to McClellan’s house to discuss strategy. On November 13, Lincoln, Seward, and presidential secretary John Hay stopped by to see the general. McClellan was out, so the trio waited for his return. After an hour, McClellan came in and was told by a porter that the guests were waiting. McClellan headed for his room without a word, and only after Lincoln waited another half-hour was the group informed of McClellan’s retirement to bed. Hay felt that the president should have been greatly offended, but Lincoln replied that it was “better at this time not to be making points of etiquette and personal dignity.” Lincoln made no more visits to the general’s home. In March 1862, the president removed McClellan as general in chief of the army.

TRIVIA FOR TODAY:  In the ancient Mayan civilization, humans were often sacrificed to guarantee a good cacao harvest. First, the prisoner was forced to drink a cup of chocolate, which sometimes was spiked with blood because the Maya believed it would convert the victim’s heart into a cacao pod.

…a Colorful Dangly-Thingy!


So, what is this?  It’s made out of metal and is one of those fun things that turns in the wind when  you hang it outside.  There must be a name for such things besides “colorful dangly-thingy”.  Anyone know?

This specific colorful dangly-thingy was hanging outside a store (where they just coincidentally sell them!) and it caught my attention while my wife and some friends from Pennsylvania were inside checking out the wares.  It was interesting to try to get it at its peak of colorfulness.

Why did I take the picture?  ‘Cause I like color and the way these colorful dangly-thingies look when they’re hangin’ in the wind!  And that’s all the reason I need.  It’s my camera, so I get to pick what I shoot with it!  So there!

ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY: today, in 1991, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, police officers spotted one Tracy Edwards running down the street in handcuffs, and upon investigation, they found one of the grisliest scenes in modern history -Jeffrey Dahmer’s apartment.

Edwards told the police that Dahmer had held him at his apartment and threatened to kill him. Although they initially thought the story was dubious, the officers took Edwards back to Dahmer’s apartment. Dahmer calmly explained that the whole matter was simply a misunderstanding and the officers almost believed him. However, they spotted a few Polaroid photos of dismembered bodies, and Dahmer was arrested.

When Dahmer’s apartment was fully searched, a house of horrors was revealed. In addition to photo albums full of pictures of body parts, the apartment was littered with human remains: several heads were in the refrigerator and freezer; two skulls were on top of the computer; and a 57-gallon drum containing several bodies decomposing in chemicals was found in a corner of the bedroom. There was also evidence to suggest that Dahmer had been eating some of his victims.

Neighbors told both detectives and the press that they had noticed an awful smell emanating from the apartment but that Dahmer had explained it away as expired meat. However, the most shocking revelation about how Dahmer had managed to conceal his awful crimes in the middle of a city apartment building would come a few days later.

Apparently, police had been called two months earlier about a naked and bleeding 14-year-old boy being chased down an alley by Dahmer. The responding officers actually returned the boy, who had been drugged, to Dahmer’s apartment–where he was promptly killed. The officers, who said that they believed it to be a domestic dispute, were later fired.

A forensic examination of the apartment turned up 11 victims–the first of whom disappeared in March 1989, just two months before Dahmer successfully escaped a prison sentence for child molestation by telling the judge that he was desperately seeking to change his conduct. Dahmer later confessed to 17 murders in all, dating back to his first victim in 1978.

The jury rejected Dahmer’s insanity defense, and he was sentenced to 15 life terms. He survived one attempt on his life in July 1994, but was killed by another inmate on November 28, 1994.

TRIVIA FOR TODAY:  Enough sunlight reaches the earth’s surface each minute to satisfy the world’s energy demands—for an entire year.

…Tie-Dyed Shirts


I remember them.  Do you?  Not just the tie-dyed shirts, but the hippie craze back in the late sixties and early seventies.  At the time we lived about 1-1/2 hours east of San Francisco which was, I think without question, the home port for the hippie movement.  Of course there was Haight-Ashbury, Stanyon Street, flower power, Otis Redding singing about sitting on the dock of the bay and Scott McKenzie singing John Phillips’ (of the Mamas and Papas) song about wearing flowers in your hair if you are going to San Francisco.

I had a couple of cousins who were a bit older than I, and when they graduated from high school, their farmer dads sent them to California to visit.  What did they want to do?  You guessed it: they wanted to go to San Francisco and see hippie in “the Haight”.  So, we did.  And they did.  And yes, there were flowers in our hair!

Tie-dyed shirts and clothing were part of the hippie craze, too, and since this is California, you can still buy them at nearly any craft fair and in many of the smaller communities that are in the San Francisco area and north through the wine country.  The ones here were part of the Jack of All Trades craft fair held recently in Jack London Square in Oakland, CA – across the bay from San Francisco.  They weren’t the only weird things we saw there – maybe I’ll post something about that in the next day or two.  Until then, put a flower in your hair, pull on your tie-dyed shirt and go sing songs about love!

Of course, part of the joke is that if you lived during the days of the hippies you probably can’t remember it.  But I do!  How about you?!?

ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY:  in 1812, following the rejection of his Continental System by Czar Alexander I, French Emperor Napoleon orders his Grande Armee, the largest European military force ever assembled to that date, into Russia. The enormous army, featuring some 500,000 soldiers and staff, included troops from all the European countries under the sway of the French Empire.

During the opening months of the invasion, Napoleon was forced to contend with a bitter Russian army in perpetual retreat. Refusing to engage Napoleon’s superior army in a full-scale confrontation, the Russians under General Mikhail Kutuzov burned everything behind them as they retreated deeper and deeper into Russia. On September 7, the indecisive Battle of Borodino was fought, in which both sides suffered terrible losses. On September 14, Napoleon arrived in Moscow intending to find supplies but instead found almost the entire population evacuated, and the Russian army retreated again. Early the next morning, fires broke across the city, set by Russian patriots, and the Grande Armee’s winter quarters were destroyed. After waiting a month for a surrender that never came, Napoleon, faced with the onset of the Russian winter, was forced to order his starving army out of Moscow.

During the disastrous retreat, Napoleon’s army suffered continual harassment from a suddenly aggressive and merciless Russian army. Stalked by hunger and the deadly lances of the Cossacks, the decimated army reached the Berezina River late in November, but found their way blocked by the Russians. On November 27, Napoleon forced a way across at Studenka, and when the bulk of his army passed the river two days later, he was forced to burn his makeshift bridges behind him, stranding some 10,000 stragglers on the other side. From there, the retreat became a rout, and on December 8 Napoleon left what remained of his army to return to Paris. Six days later, the Grande Armee finally escaped Russia, having suffered a loss of more than 400,000 men during the disastrous invasion.

TRIVIA FOR TODAY:  The sun contains 99.85% of the mass in the solar system.  If you think it’s hot where you live, consider this: at the sun’s core, it is a balmy 27 million degrees Farenheit!

Between the Lines


How good are you at “reading between the lines”?  Or maybe I’d be better served to ask your spouse or best friends how good you are at it?  I mean, we men think we’ve got it all figured out right?  We may joke about how no one can possibly understand women, but we think we know our spouses pretty doggone well after having been married for a long time.  We finish their sentences for them, we have a sort of radar that allows us to know when our wife wants to go out for dinner instead of cooking (maybe it’s related to coming home and dinner not being ready, but I like to believe it’s more than just that).  After a while, we just think we can “read between the lines” and can know what they mean without them even saying it.  Right?!?

(Oh, boy, I know I’m in trouble already!!!)  Well, I’ve maybe been right about one out of every thousand times.  Just ask my wife!  She’ll tell you that I’m loco in the head if I think I understand her!  But, to her GREAT credit, she doesn’t rub my face in it on those other 999 times out of a thousand.

No human being can read what’s going on in the synapses of another’s mind or the chambers of another’s heart.  That’s probably good, though, don’t you think?  It helps keep the mystery alive!

ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY:  During World War II, the U.S. 10th Army overcame the last major pockets of Japanese resistance on Okinawa Island, ending one of the bloodiest battles of World War II on this day in 1945. The same day, Japanese Lieutenant General Mitsuru Ushijima, the commander of Okinawa’s defense, committed suicide with a number of Japanese officers and troops rather than surrender.

On April 1, 1945, the 10th Army, under Lieutenant General Simon Bolivar Buckner, launched the invasion of Okinawa, a strategic Pacific island located midway between Japan and Formosa. Possession of Okinawa would give the United States a base large enough for an invasion of the Japanese home islands. There were more than 100,000 Japanese defenders on the island, but most were deeply entrenched in the island’s densely forested interior. By the evening of April 1, 60,000 U.S. troops had come safely ashore. However, on April 4, Japanese land resistance stiffened, and at sea kamikaze pilots escalated their deadly suicide attacks on U.S. vessels.

During the next month, the battle raged on land and sea, with the Japanese troops and fliers making the Americans pay dearly for every strategic area of land and water won. On June 18, with U.S. victory imminent, General Buckner, the hero of Iwo Jima, was killed by Japanese artillery. Three days later, his 10th Army reached the southern coast of the island, and on June 22 Japanese resistance effectively came to an end.

The Japanese lost 120,000 troops in the defense of Okinawa, while the Americans suffered 12,500 dead and 35,000 wounded. Of the 36 Allied ships lost, most were destroyed by the 2,000 or so Japanese pilots who gave up their lives in kamikaze missions. With the capture of Okinawa, the Allies prepared for the invasion of Japan, a military operation predicted to be far bloodier than the 1944 Allied invasion of Western Europe. The plan called for invading the southern island of Kyushu in November 1945, and the main Japanese island of Honshu in March 1946. In July, however, the United States successfully tested an atomic bomb and after dropping two of these devastating weapons on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August, Japan surrendered.

TRIVIA FOR TODAY:  Lucille Ball, from I Love Lucy and head of Star Trek’s parent company Desilu Productions, single-handedly kept Star Trek: The Original Series (which, by the way, was originally titled Wagon Train to the Stars – after the popular Wagon Train TV show) from cancellation during the first season. The series was finally canceled in its third season, after 79 episodes. It then gained immense popularity in syndication.

…I was framed!

Click several times on the image to see it in a larger size.

You can almost count on it in any law-and-order movie or television show: at some point, the person in jail, on death row, or who is being arrested and charged/convicted makes the claim that they are innocent and were framed by “somebody”!

I suppose that there are times when justice is mis-carried, but more often than not, I think that law enforcement does a pretty incredible job of sorting out who is telling the truth and who is lying.  And, more often than not, the claim of having been framed isn’t true.

As we strolled the craft booths at Jack London Square in Oakland, CA this past Saturday, one of the first booths we passed had a group of photo frames sitting on the ground.  They didn’t appear to have been intentionally arranged in any particular way (nor did I change the arrangement) and they leaned up against one another, tallest frames in the back.  I was instantly drawn to it as an intriguing composition for a photo and I took today’s shot.

What does this illustrate for us?  That even the ordinary things we see every day can make interesting photos because of their colors and lines.  We don’t have to have Mount Everest or the Hope diamond in front of us, nor Niagara Falls or the Grand Canyon.  The most common things can be fascinating if we take the time to literally take a different perspective or angle in looking at them, or to appreciate them for their own inherent beauty and usefulness.  Now, if only we could learn to see people that same way!!!!

ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY: in 1885, the dismantled State of Liberty, a gift from the people of France to the people of America, arrived in New York Harbor after being shipped across the Atlantic Ocean in 350 individual pieces packed in more than 200 cases.

Intended to commemorate the American Revolution and a century of friendship between the U.S. and France, the statue was designed by French sculptor Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi (who modeled it after his own mother), with assistance from engineer Gustave Eiffel, who later developed the iconic tower in Paris bearing his name.  The statue alone cost the French an estimated $250,000 (more than $5.5 million in today’s money).

Finally completed in Paris in summer 1884, the statue reached its home on Bedloe’s Island in New York Harbor.  After being reassembled, the 450,000-pound statue was officially dedicated on October 28, 1886, by President Cleveland, who said, “We will not forget that Liberty has here made her home; nor shall her chosen altar be neglected.” Standing more than 305 feet from the foundation of its pedestal to the top of its torch, the statue, dubbed “Liberty Enlightening the World” by Bartholdi, was taller than any structure in New York City at the time. The statue was originally copper-colored, but over the years it underwent a natural color-change process called patination that produced its current greenish-blue hue.

In 1903, a plaque inscribed with a sonnet titled “The New Colossus” by American poet Emma Lazarus, written 20 years earlier for a pedestal fundraiser, was placed on an interior wall of the pedestal. Lazarus’ now-famous words, which include “Give me your tired, your poor/Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,” became symbolic of America’s vision of itself as a land of opportunity for immigrants.

TRIVIA FOR TODAY:  The Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (DFW) is home to the world’s largest parking lot. The Rick Husband Amarillo International Airport has the third largest runway in the world and was an alternate landing site for the space shuttle. Texas has more airports than any other state in the country.