Wow! It’s hard for me to believe I’ve not posted anything to this photo blog for over two weeks! The good news (well, I suppose that’s strictly a matter of opinion!) is that I’ve processed all my pictures from our recent journey to Israel and have a supply that I can now share more regularly!
On our first day in Israel, we made our first real tourist stop at the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem. It is in a Palestinian controlled area, one that is both controlled and administered by Palestinian Arabs. It is not a friendly place if you are Jewish, and the sign at the entrance to the town warns Jews not to enter at the risk of death.
But the Church of the Nativity is a draw for people from all over the world. No matter where we went in Israel, you could hear a cacophony of languages and dialects. It was an interesting place to observe people if, like me, you are in to people watching.
When we entered this church, a worship service was going on so we were not able to photograph some of the things I would like to have shot. So, we made do with what we could.
Off to the left hand side of the main sanctuary, I noticed these lamps hanging from the ceiling. I have no idea how old the lamps were, but they were polished brightly. The lighting was bright from the behind and left of the lamps and I thought it made for an interesting composition. I purposely selected a shallow depth of field to throw some of the image into a blurry focus.
Some day I would like to go back and visit the church when there is no worship service in progress and to take my time thinking, meditating and photographing more of this ancient church.
ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY: in 1943, the deportation of Jews from the Warsaw ghetto to the concentration camp at Treblinka resumed—but not without much bloodshed and resistance along the way.
On July 18, 1942, Heinrich Himmler promoted Auschwitz camp commandant Rudolf Hess to SS major. He also ordered that the Warsaw ghetto, the Jewish quarter constructed by the Nazis upon the occupation of Poland and enclosed first by barbed wire and then by brick walls, be depopulated—a “total cleansing,” as he described it. The inhabitants were to be transported to what became a second extermination camp constructed at the railway village of Treblinka, 62 miles northeast of Warsaw.
Within the first seven weeks of Himmler’s order, more than 250,000 Jews were taken to Treblinka by rail and gassed to death, marking the largest single act of destruction of any population group, Jewish or non-Jewish, civilian or military, in the war. Upon arrival at “T. II,” as this second camp at Treblinka was called, prisoners were separated by sex, stripped, and marched into what were described as “bathhouses,” but were in fact gas chambers. T. II’s first commandant was Dr. Irmfried Eberl, age 32, the man who had headed up the euthanasia program of 1940 and had much experience with the gassing of victims, especially children. He was assisted in his duties by several hundred Ukrainian and about 1,500 Jewish prisoners, who removed gold teeth from victims before hauling the bodies to mass graves.
In January 1943, after a four-month hiatus, the deportations started up again. A German SS unit entered the ghetto and began rounding up its denizens—but they did not go without a fight. Six hundred Jews were killed in the streets as they struggled with the Germans. Rebels with smuggled firearms opened fire on the SS troops. The Germans returned fire—machine-gun fire against the Jews’ pistol shots. Nine Jewish rebels fell—as did several Germans. The fighting continued for days, with the Jews refusing to surrender and even taking arms from their Germans persecutors in surprise attacks.
Amazingly, the Germans withdrew from the ghetto in the face of the unexpected resistance. They likely did not realize how few armed resisters there were, but the fact that resistance was given at all intimidated them. But there was no happy ending. Before this new incursion into the ghetto was over, 6,000 more Jews were transported to their likely deaths at Treblinka.
TRIVIA FOR TODAY: Earthquakes kill approximately 8,000 people each year and have caused an estimated 13 million deaths in the past 4,000 years.